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In the last two centuries moral norms that protect the poor, the weak and the vulnerable have achieved a lot of progress. Domestic violence, slavery, and genocide are now universally considered to be not just, are outlawed and proscribed. However, to this day over 45% of the mankind lives below the poverty line of...
World War II was one of the deadliest events in the human history. The estimated number of civilian and military deaths surpasses 72 million people. The impact of the war on the economies and structures of many countries around the globe was also profound. Japan and Germany were occupied. European empires ceased to exist....
Today protection of the individual human rights is one of the most important issues on the agenda of the United Nations in modern times. Countries are the major violators of the human rights of their citizens and residents. Countries are also the entities that belong to the United Nations. The question then becomes: is...
During his inauguration on January 20, 1977, Jimmy Carter said that the commitment of the United States to human rights must be absolute. Before that most people didn’t really pay much attention to the concept of “human rights.” Except for Roosevelt mentioning the concept several times in his speeches, no president before Carter has...
According to a definition by the United Nations (UN), an international migrant is someone who lives outside of their regular country of residence for at least one year. If a refugee has spent more than a year outside of his or her country, a refugee is also considered to be an international migrant according...
There are more people today trying to leave one country for another country than at any time in the history. This number will only be increasing in the foreseeable future. Almost every country on the planet will have to deal with the consequences of this international migration. Migration is interconnected with other crucial global...
Most people have very positive emotions and feelings about the word “heritage” and the concept behind it. This concept includes the preservation of material cultural objects, such as pieces of art, architecture and various artifacts, and the preservation of intangible culture, including music, dance and theater performances. Today many of places where such artifacts...
There is a perception that international organizations are a twentieth-century phenomenon. The League of Nations was one of the first such organizations. It was founded in 1919. However, certain organizations existed even in the nineteenth century. Those organizations mostly dealt with specific issues such as communications. For example, the International Telecommunication Union was created...