Most people have very positive emotions and feelings about the word “heritage” and the concept behind it. This concept includes the preservation of material cultural objects, such as pieces of art, architecture and various artifacts, and the preservation of intangible culture, including music, dance and theater performances. Today many of places where such artifacts are preserved have been turned into reservations and include tax-free stores and casinos similar to 777 casino.
Such heritage forms both personal and community identity in a society and is viewed as shared common good.
Heritage also includes territory and sometimes conflict is also a part of heritage and identity. Conflicts may occur because of land rights and cultural property rights. They may also be a result of an ethnic minority and a dominant majority disputing the definition and the heritage of the minority.
This means that heritage is not always a unifying force. It can also be a divisive force. An unresolved conflict can lead to violence, resistance, and even war.
One of the critical points of heritage is the conflict between national heritage and individual rights.
Heritage is not neutral. It can promote education, self-knowledge, communication and learning, but it can also be an instrument of oppression.
The modern approach to human rights originated in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, adopted by the United Nations in 1948, shortly after World War II.
This document talks about basic human liberties, including security, freedom, and life. It also discusses freedom from slavery and freedom from torture. Article 27 of the declaration talks specifically about the participation of an individual in the cultural life of a community.
In 1966 the United Nations passed several new documents that talk about the universal individual rights and the national serenity.
Human beings belong to cultural groups. This means that there is potential for conflict between the claims of universal human rights and self-determination by certain groups of people.
For this reason, universality remains a subject of ongoing debates in the United Nations.